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How to Make Pure Coconut Oil at Home for 100% Healthy Cooking (can also be used for Hair, Skin !)

by Jayashri
Coconut oil featured

Pure coconut oil at home!

If you’re tired of chemicals or preservatives mixed with the coconut oil at stores…

If you want 100% Healthy, Fresh and Pure coconut oil for your family…

If you want to use coconut oil for cooking, for healthy skin and hair

You’re in the right place!

Today I will show you how to prepare virgin coconut oil at the comfort of your home.

And..

I will also show you the differences between the various types of coconut oil available in the market.

Let’s get started.



What is Coconut and/or Copra?

A Coconut is a dry, mature nut found on coconut trees. They say it to be a fruit.

The coconut comprises 3 portionsthe outer hard shell, the inner kernel and the core water.

Copra is a form of dried coconut. The coconut is sun dried for a few weeks until the inner kernel separates from the outer shell. It is then used to extract coconut oil.

coconut open

The outer hard shell – is brown and contains the fibre called coir. The outer shell can be used to produce fire, make handicrafts, etc.

The inner kernel – is soft and white. It is sweet in taste and used for culinary purposes. Coconut kernel is usually used to prepare coconut chutney, tomato chutney, onion chutney, peanut chutney, radish chutney, etc. Also, it is used for preparing curry/gravy/kurma varieties.

The coconut kernel is ground to a paste and then milk is extracted from it to prepare coconut milk.

In India, the Southern states comprising Tamilnadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh collectively produce about 90% of the nation’s harvest.


What is the difference between Coconut and Copra?

CoconutCopra
It is a fruit from the coconut tree.It is the dried kernel or flesh of the coconut.
Coconut oil is extracted from the coconut milk which is obtained from the fresh white kernels.Coconut oil is extracted directly from the dried kernels.
We can only extract a limited quantity of coconut oil from coconut.Comparatively, we can extract more quantity of coconut oil from copra.
High quality oil is extracted from fresh coconuts.Comparatively lower quality oil is extracted from copra.

What is Coconut Oil?

Coconut oil is an edible oil which is extracted from the kernels or flesh of the mature coconuts harvested from the coconut tree. It has a wide range of health benefits along with its use for culinary purposes.


Video Recipe: How to Make Coconut Oil at Home?

Coconut in other languages:

EnglishCoconut
TamilThengai/Thenga
HindiNaariyal
KannadaThengina Kayi
TeluguKobbari
MalayalamNalikeram/Thenga


Dry Coconut in other languages:

EnglishDry Coconut
TamilUlarnda Thengai/Kopparai
HindiCopra
KannadaVona Kobbari
TeluguEndu Kobbari
MalayalamKoppara
coconut oil
Coconut Oil – Three Whistles Kitchen


What is Coconut Oil Good for?

Coconut Oil is an excellent source of quick energy for your body, which is provided by the various saturated fats present in it.

They also possess anti-oxidant properties, which help to reduce your stress and depression to an extent.

Benefits of Coconut Oil

  1. Highly rich in saturated fats.
  2. Helps in burning fat leading to weight loss.
  3. Increases HDL levels (good cholesterol) and reduces triglycerides.
  4. Helps reduce heart diseases.
  5. Helps reduce high blood pressure.
  6. Protects from liver damage and aids in curing urinary tract infection.
  7. Aids with digestion.
  8. Protects from stomach inflammation and ulcers.
  9. Acts as a salve for wounds and burns.
  10. Rich in anti-oxidants & acts as an anti-aging component.
  11. Moisturizes your skin and gives it a glowing effect.
  12. Gives your skin a soothing feel.
  13. Reduces skin dryness and gives it an even tone.
  14. Prevents hair from greying.
  15. Prevents frizzy hair and also helps detangle hair easily.
  16. Encourages long growth of hair and also gives it a shiny look.
  17. It can be used as a natural lip balm to avoid dry/cracked lips.


Uses of Coconut Oil

For those of you who want to lose weight, including coconut oil in your diet could be a wonderful choice. Research says if taken in limited quantities it helps to burn fat leading to weight loss.


Is coconut oil good for your skin?

Yes, coconut oil helps in nurturing your skin, keeping it moisturised.

They also possess anti- inflammatory properties which help to heal wounds and protect your skin from harmful bacteria.


Is coconut oil good for your hair?

Yes, coconut oil has various benefits for your hair such as it:

  • enriches your hair roots and prevents your hair from breakage.
  • hinders the process of formation of dandruff.
  • delays the greying of hair.
  • adds shine and lustre to your hair.


Different Labels of Coconut Oil at Stores

Virgin Coconut Oil

Virgin coconut oil also refers to Pure coconut oil. It is usually prepared by grinding the fresh, mature coconut kernels and extracting coconut milk from them. The coconut milk is fermented, and the cream is separated. Finally, it is cooked in heat to remove the coconut oil.

Virgin coconut oil is unrefined with NO added colors or chemicals.


Extra Virgin Coconut Oil

As far as I have known, there is no difference between virgin coconut oil and extra virgin coconut oil.
It is all the same.

The name “Extra Virgin” is just to attract customers.

Whereas, in case of Olive oil, there is definitely an Extra Virgin version available.


Refined Vs. Unrefined Coconut Oil

Refined Coconut OilUn-Refined Coconut Oil
Oil is filtered or refined to remove impurities.Oil is not refined or filtered.
It is unhealthy.Healthy for use.
Oil is refined, bleached and deodorized.Oil is unrefined, No bleaching or deodorizing.
Produced in more quantity.Produced in less quantity.
Less nutritious.Highly nutritious.
Heavy processing.Comparatively less processing.
Extracted from old and dried coconuts called copra.Extracted from freshly picked coconuts and processed within a couple of days.
It is white when solid and clear like water when liquid after using additives.It is naturally pale yellow or flawlessly white in color when solid and clear when liquid.


Organic Vs. Conventional Coconut Oil

Organic coconut oil is produced using organically grown coconuts.

These organically grown coconuts are grown without using any chemicals or pesticides. Also, the fertilizers used are NOT harmful.

It is always best to go for organically grown coconuts due to the fertilizers used during farming and post-harvesting processes.

Conventional coconut oil is produced using non-organic coconut oil.


Industry Extraction Processes (as opposed to Homemade)

Cold-Pressed Coconut Oil

Cold-pressing is an extraction method used to extract oil from the coconuts. This method does not involve heat.
Cold pressed coconut oil is said to be raw and extracts the highest quality oil (retains more nutrients).
Cold-pressing method extracts less oil compared to all other methods and is very expensive.


Centrifugal Pressed Coconut Oil

Centrifugal pressed is a method used to prepare virgin coconut oil. In this method, the coconut is shelled, crushed and ground into a slurry. The coconut milk is then extracted and poured into a centrifugal machine for oil extraction.
Centrifugally pressed coconut oil has more stability, natural coconut flavour and taste.


Expeller-Pressed Coconut Oil

Expeller pressed is a method used to extract oil from coconuts using high pressure and heat. This method is chosen to produce refined coconut oil. Expeller pressed is considered as a Not-So-Good method for producing coconut oil as the oil looses almost all its nutritional properties.



At home, we use Wet Process for coconut (nariyal, thengai) oil preparation.

Let’s know the difference between Wet and Dry processes.

Coconut Oil can be Extracted Using 2 Different Processes:

Dry Process

The kernel is removed from the coconut shell.

It is later sun dried, dried using fire or using kilns to create Copra.

Then, the Copra thus obtained is then compressed to extract the coconut oil which leaves behind a high fibrous mash which can feed ruminants.

Wet Process

In this process, coconut milk is extracted from the raw coconuts instead of copra.

The coconut milk is then kept overnight or more, in order to separate the oil or cream and the water.

The creamy thick oil layer is then scooped and boiled until the discolored oil is separated from it.


Note: Wet process yields a lesser quantity of oil than that through the dry process. Hence, dry process is much preferred.




Step-by-Step Procedure to Prepare Coconut Oil


Step 1: Breaking the Coconut

  • With the iron coconut breaker, hit on the coir/fibre at one end.
  • Pull it off from all over the coconut.
  • Hold the coconut having the 3 dots facing your palm.
breaking open coconut
coconut coir
  • Hit on the middle with the coconut breaker.
  • Continue doing the previous step by rotating the coconut until the coconut cracks on all sides.
  • Insert the flat sharp end into the cracked part and break open the coconut.
  • (Collect the coconut water in a bowl. You may drink it if needed).
coconut hitting
coconut break and water
coconut open


Step 2: Extracting Coconut Milk from Coconut

  • Boil half litre water in a pot and keep aside.
  • Remove the soft white kernels from the coconut.
  • Cut them into small pieces.
boiling water
removing kernels
coconut kernels
  • Add the kernel pieces into a blender/mixer (in batches).
  • Pour a little hot water. Blend to a fine paste.
  • Transfer the contents to a strainer and press gently to extract milk from it.
  • Repeat the process with the next batch.
  • Transfer all the leftover fibre content back into the blender, add hot water and blend again.
  • Transfer to a strainer and press gently with your hand to extract more milk.
blend coconut
extracting coconut milk
blend again
squeeze to extract coconut milk


Step 3: Separation of Cream and Water Layer

Method 1 – Using Container

  • Pour all the extracted coconut milk into a container.
  • Cover it and refrigerate overnight or until the cream and water form separate layers.
  • Scoop off the cream on top and pour it into a pan.
cream and water layer separated

Method 2 – Using Plastic Cover

  • Pour the coconut milk into the plastic cover and safe it with a rubber band.
  • Refrigerate overnight or until the cream and water form separate layers.
  • Once the layers are formed, make a small cut at the bottom of the plastic cover/bag.
  • Drain out the water at the bottom.
  • Collect the cream in a separate bowl/pan.
cream and water layer
separation of cream from water
cream and water separated


Step 4: Preparation of Coconut Oil

  • Pour all the cream into a pan or kadai.
  • Turn on the stove and keep stirring in high flame.
  • Once it starts boiling, turn to medium flame.
  • Be very careful as it might splutter.
  • Starts to thicken.
  • Continue stirring until the colour changes to brown.
  • Once the color changes to brown and oil separates, turn off the stove and filter the oil using a strainer or cloth.
coconut milk in pan
coconut milk cream boiling
coconut cream thickening
coconut cream thickens
coconut oil separates
filter oil
coconut oil dripping


Recipe Card: How to Prepare Coconut Oil from Coconut Milk


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